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Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Patients with Orthopedic Implants Undergoing Dental Procedures: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Safety, and Guidelines

Last updated: February 17, 2016
Project Number: RC0751-000
Product Line: Rapid Response
Research Type: Devices and Systems
Report Type: Summary with Critical Appraisal
Result type: Report

Question

  1. What is the clinical effectiveness and safety of antibiotic prophylaxis in patients with orthopedic implants undergoing dental procedures?
  2. What are the evidence-based guidelines associated with the use of antibiotic prophylaxis in patients with orthopedic implants undergoing dental procedures?

Key Message

The results of this and the previous CADTH review have found the evidence for antibiotic prophylaxis during dental procedures for patients with orthopedic prostheses to be limited. The identified guideline recommends against the routine use of prophylactic antibiotics during dental procedures for patients with orthopedic prostheses.