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Strings Attached: CADTH's Database Search Filters

Date: April 1, 2016
Result type: Resources

Below is a sample of search filters developed and maintained by CADTH’s Information Services Filters Working Group. These filters have been extensively tested by the Information Services Team and are routinely used in CADTH projects; however, they have not been validated against a gold standard set of articles.

When using the CADTH search filters please cite the following:

Strings attached: CADTH database search filters [Internet]. Ottawa: CADTH; 2016. [cited yyyy mm dd]. Available from: /resources/finding-evidence

Systematic Reviews/Meta-Analysis/Health Technology Assessment - PubMed

systematic[sb] OR meta-analysis[pt] OR meta-analysis as topic[mh] OR meta-analysis[mh] OR meta analy*[tw] OR metanaly*[tw] OR metaanaly*[tw] OR met analy*[tw] OR integrative research[tiab] OR integrative review*[tiab] OR integrative overview*[tiab] OR research integration*[tiab] OR research overview*[tiab] OR collaborative review*[tiab] OR collaborative overview*[tiab] OR systematic review*[tiab] OR technology assessment*[tiab] OR technology overview*[tiab] OR "Technology Assessment, Biomedical"[mh] OR HTA[tiab] OR HTAs[tiab] OR comparative efficacy[tiab] OR comparative effectiveness[tiab] OR outcomes research[tiab] OR indirect comparison*[tiab] OR ((indirect treatment[tiab] OR mixed-treatment[tiab]) AND comparison*[tiab]) OR Embase*[tiab] OR Cinahl*[tiab] OR systematic overview*[tiab] OR methodological overview*[tiab] OR methodologic overview*[tiab] OR methodological review*[tiab] OR methodologic review*[tiab] OR quantitative review*[tiab] OR quantitative overview*[tiab] OR quantitative synthes*[tiab] OR pooled analy*[tiab] OR Cochrane[tiab] OR Medline[tiab] OR Pubmed[tiab] OR Medlars[tiab] OR handsearch*[tiab] OR hand search*[tiab] OR meta-regression*[tiab] OR metaregression*[tiab] OR data synthes*[tiab] OR data extraction[tiab] OR data abstraction*[tiab] OR mantel haenszel[tiab] OR peto[tiab] OR der-simonian[tiab] OR dersimonian[tiab] OR fixed effect*[tiab] OR "Cochrane Database Syst Rev"[Journal:__jrid21711] OR "health technology assessment winchester, england"[Journal] OR "Evid Rep Technol Assess (Full Rep)"[Journal] OR "Evid Rep Technol Assess (Summ)"[Journal] OR "Int J Technol Assess Health Care"[Journal] OR "GMS Health Technol Assess"[Journal] OR "Health Technol Assess (Rockv)"[Journal] OR "Health Technol Assess Rep"[Journal]

Systematic Reviews/Meta-Analysis/Health Technology Assessment – OVID Medline, Embase, PsycINFO

1. meta-analysis.pt.

2. meta-analysis/ or systematic review/ or meta-analysis as topic/ or "meta analysis (topic)"/ or "systematic review (topic)"/ or exp technology assessment, biomedical/

3. ((systematic* adj3 (review* or overview*)) or (methodologic* adj3 (review* or overview*))).ti,ab,kf,kw.

4. ((quantitative adj3 (review* or overview* or synthes*)) or (research adj3 (integrati* or overview*))).ti,ab,kf,kw.

5. ((integrative adj3 (review* or overview*)) or (collaborative adj3 (review* or overview*)) or (pool* adj3 analy*)).ti,ab,kf,kw.

6. (data synthes* or data extraction* or data abstraction*).ti,ab,kf,kw.

7. (handsearch* or hand search*).ti,ab,kf,kw.

8. (mantel haenszel or peto or der simonian or dersimonian or fixed effect* or latin square*).ti,ab,kf,kw.

9. (met analy* or metanaly* or technology assessment* or HTA or HTAs or technology overview* or technology appraisal*).ti,ab,kf,kw.

10. (meta regression* or metaregression*).ti,ab,kf,kw.

11. (meta-analy* or metaanaly* or systematic review* or biomedical technology assessment* or bio-medical technology assessment*).mp,hw.

12. (medline or cochrane or pubmed or medlars or embase or cinahl).ti,ab,hw.

13. (cochrane or (health adj2 technology assessment) or evidence report).jw.

14. (meta-analysis or systematic review).md.

15. (comparative adj3 (efficacy or effectiveness)).ti,ab,kf,kw.

16. (outcomes research or relative effectiveness).ti,ab,kf,kw.

17. ((indirect or indirect treatment or mixed-treatment) adj comparison*).ti,ab,kf,kw.

18. or/1-17

Randomized Controlled Trials — PubMed

randomized controlled trial[pt] OR randomized controlled trials as topic[mh] OR random allocation [mh] OR double-blind method[mh] OR single-blind method[mh] OR random*[tw] OR "Placebos"[Mesh] OR placebo[tiab] OR ((singl*[tw] OR doubl*[tw] OR trebl*[tw] OR tripl*[tw]) AND (mask*[tw] OR blind*[tw] OR dumm*[tw]))

Randomized Controlled Trials — OVID Medline, Embase, PsycINFO

1. Randomized Controlled Trial.pt.

2. Pragmatic Clinical Trial.pt.

3. exp Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic/

4. "Randomized Controlled Trial (topic)"/

5. Randomized Controlled Trial/

6. Randomization/

7. Random Allocation/

8. Double-Blind Method/

9. Double Blind Procedure/

10. Double-Blind Studies/

11. Single-Blind Method/

12. Single Blind Procedure/

13. Single-Blind Studies/

14. Placebos/

15. Placebo/

16. (random* or sham or placebo*).ti,ab,hw,kf,kw.

17. ((singl* or doubl*) adj (blind* or dumm* or mask*)).ti,ab,hw,kf,kw.

18. ((tripl* or trebl*) adj (blind* or dumm* or mask*)).ti,ab,hw,kf,kw.

19. or/1-18

Guidelines — PubMed

Clinical pathway[mh] OR Clinical protocol[mh] OR Consensus[mh] OR Consensus development conferences as topic[mh] OR Critical pathways[mh] OR Guidelines as topic [Mesh:NoExp] OR Practice guidelines as topic[mh] OR Health planning guidelines[mh] OR guideline[pt] OR practice guideline[pt] OR consensus development conference[pt] OR consensus development conference, NIH[pt] OR position statement*[tiab] OR policy statement*[tiab] OR practice parameter*[tiab] OR best practice*[tiab] OR standards[ti] OR guideline[ti] OR guidelines[ti] OR ((practice[tiab] OR treatment*[tiab]) AND guideline*[tiab]) OR CPG[tiab] OR CPGs[tiab] OR consensus*[tiab] OR ((critical[tiab] OR clinical[tiab] OR practice[tiab]) AND (path[tiab] OR paths[tiab] OR pathway[tiab] OR pathways[tiab] OR protocol*[tiab])) OR recommendat*[ti] OR (care[tiab] AND (standard[tiab] OR path[tiab] OR paths[tiab] OR pathway[tiab] OR pathways[tiab] OR map[tiab] OR maps[tiab] OR plan[tiab] OR plans[tiab])) OR (algorithm*[tiab] AND (screening[tiab] OR examination[tiab] OR test[tiab] OR tested[tiab] OR testing[tiab] OR assessment*[tiab] OR diagnosis[tiab] OR diagnoses[tiab] OR diagnosed[tiab] OR diagnosing[tiab])) OR (algorithm*[tiab] AND (pharmacotherap*[tiab] OR chemotherap*[tiab] OR chemotreatment*[tiab] OR therap*[tiab] OR treatment*[tiab] OR intervention*[tiab]))

Guidelines — OVID Medline, Embase, PsycINFO

1. exp clinical pathway/

2. exp clinical protocol/

3. exp consensus/

4. exp consensus development conference/

5. exp consensus development conferences as topic/

6. critical pathways/

7. exp guideline/

8. guidelines as topic/

9. exp practice guideline/

10. practice guidelines as topic/

11. health planning guidelines/

12. exp treatment guidelines/

13. (guideline or practice guideline or consensus development conference or consensus development conference, NIH).pt.

14. (position statement* or policy statement* or practice parameter* or best practice*).ti,ab,kf,kw.

15. (standards or guideline or guidelines).ti,kf,kw.

16. ((practice or treatment* or clinical) adj guideline*).ab.

17. (CPG or CPGs).ti.

18. consensus*.ti,kf,kw.

19. consensus*.ab. /freq=2

20. ((critical or clinical or practice) adj2 (path or paths or pathway or pathways or protocol*)).ti,ab,kf,kw.

21. recommendat*.ti,kf,kw.

22. (care adj2 (standard or path or paths or pathway or pathways or map or maps or plan or plans)).ti,ab,kf,kw.

23. (algorithm* adj2 (screening or examination or test or tested or testing or assessment* or diagnosis or diagnoses or diagnosed or diagnosing)).ti,ab,kf,kw.

24. (algorithm* adj2 (pharmacotherap* or chemotherap* or chemotreatment* or therap* or treatment* or intervention*)).ti,ab,kf,kw.

25. or/1-24

Economic Evaluations/Cost/Economic Models - PubMed

Economics[Mesh:NoExp] OR "Costs and Cost Analysis"[mh] OR Economics, Nursing[mh] OR Economics, Medical[mh] OR Economics, Pharmaceutical[mh] OR Economics, Hospital[mh] OR Economics, Dental[mh] OR "Fees and Charges"[mh] OR Budgets[mh] OR budget*[tiab] OR economic*[tiab] OR cost[tiab] OR costs[tiab] OR costly[tiab] OR costing[tiab] OR price[tiab] OR prices[tiab] OR pricing[tiab] OR pharmacoeconomic*[tiab] OR pharmaco-economic*[tiab] OR expenditure[tiab] OR expenditures[tiab] OR expense[tiab] OR expenses[tiab] OR financial[tiab] OR finance[tiab] OR finances[tiab] OR financed[tiab] OR value for money[tiab] OR monetary value*[tiab] OR models, economic[mh] OR economic model*[tiab] OR markov chains[mh] OR markov[tiab] OR monte carlo method[mh] OR monte carlo[tiab] OR Decision Theory[mh] OR decision tree*[tiab] OR decision analy*[tiab] OR decision model*[tiab]

Economic Evaluations/Cost/Economic Models – OVID Medline

1. Economics/

2. exp "Costs and Cost Analysis"/

3. Economics, Nursing/

4. Economics, Medical/

5. Economics, Pharmaceutical/

6. exp Economics, Hospital/

7. Economics, Dental/

8. exp "Fees and Charges"/

9. exp Budgets/

10. budget*.ti,ab,kf.

11. (economic* or cost or costs or costly or costing or price or prices or pricing or pharmacoeconomic* or pharmaco-economic* or expenditure or expenditures or expense or expenses or financial or finance or finances or financed).ti,kf.

12. (economic* or cost or costs or costly or costing or price or prices or pricing or pharmacoeconomic* or pharmaco-economic* or expenditure or expenditures or expense or expenses or financial or finance or finances or financed).ab. /freq=2

13. (cost* adj2 (effective* or utilit* or benefit* or minimi* or analy* or outcome or outcomes)).ab,kf.

14. (value adj2 (money or monetary)).ti,ab,kf.

15. exp models, economic/

16. economic model*.ab,kf.

17. markov chains/

18. markov.ti,ab,kf.

19. monte carlo method/

20. monte carlo.ti,ab,kf.

21. exp Decision Theory/

22. (decision* adj2 (tree* or analy* or model*)).ti,ab,kf.

23. or/1-22

Economic Evaluations/Cost/Economic Models – OVID Embase

1. Economics/

2. Cost/

3. exp Health Economics/

4. Budget/

5. budget*.ti,ab,kw.

6. (economic* or cost or costs or costly or costing or price or prices or pricing or pharmacoeconomic* or pharmaco-economic* or expenditure or expenditures or expense or expenses or financial or finance or finances or financed).ti,kw.

7. (economic* or cost or costs or costly or costing or price or prices or pricing or pharmacoeconomic* or pharmaco-economic* or expenditure or expenditures or expense or expenses or financial or finance or finances or financed).ab. /freq=2

8. (cost* adj2 (effective* or utilit* or benefit* or minimi* or analy* or outcome or outcomes)).ab,kw.

9. (value adj2 (money or monetary)).ti,ab,kw.

10. Statistical Model/

11. economic model*.ab,kw.

12. Probability/

13. markov.ti,ab,kw.

14. monte carlo method/

15. monte carlo.ti,ab,kw.

16. Decision Theory/

17. Decision Tree/

18. (decision* adj2 (tree* or analy* or model*)).ti,ab,kw.

19. or/1-18

Health Utilities/Quality of Life - PubMed

"Value of Life"[mh] OR Quality of Life[mh] OR quality of life[tiab] OR Quality-Adjusted Life Years[mh] OR quality adjusted life[tiab] OR qaly*[tiab] OR qald*[tiab] OR qale*[tiab] OR qtime*[tiab] OR life year[tiab] OR life years[tiab] OR disability adjusted life[tiab] OR daly*[tiab] OR sf36[tiab] OR sf 36[tiab] OR short form 36[tiab] OR shortform 36[tiab] OR short form36[tiab] OR shortform36[tiab] OR sf thirtysix[tiab] OR sfthirtysix[tiab] OR sfthirty six[tiab] OR sf thirty six[tiab] OR shortform thirtysix[tiab] OR shortform thirty six[tiab] OR short form thirtysix[tiab] OR short form thirty six[tiab] OR sf6[tiab] OR sf 6[tiab] OR short form 6[tiab] OR shortform 6[tiab] OR shortform6[tiab] OR short form6[tiab] OR sf6d[tiab] OR sf 6d[tiab] OR short form 6d[tiab] OR shortform 6d[tiab] OR sf six[tiab] OR sfsix[tiab] OR shortform six[tiab] OR short form six[tiab] OR sf8[tiab] OR sf 8[tiab] OR short form 8[tiab] OR shortform 8[tiab] OR shortform8[tiab] OR short form8[tiab] OR sf eight[tiab] OR sfeight[tiab] OR shortform eight[tiab] OR short form eight[tiab] OR sf12[tiab] OR sf 12[tiab] OR short form 12[tiab] OR shortform 12[tiab] OR short form12[tiab] OR shortform12[tiab] OR sf twelve[tiab] OR sftwelve[tiab] OR shortform twelve[tiab] OR short form twelve[tiab] OR sf16[tiab] OR sf 16[tiab] OR short form 16[tiab] OR shortform 16[tiab] OR short form16[tiab] OR shortform16[tiab] OR sf sixteen[tiab] OR sfsixteen[tiab] OR shortform sixteen[tiab] OR short form sixteen[tiab] OR sf20[tiab] OR sf 20[tiab] OR short form 20[tiab] OR shortform 20[tiab] OR short form20[tiab] OR shortform20[tiab] OR sf twenty[tiab] OR sftwenty[tiab] OR shortform twenty[tiab] OR short form twenty[tiab] OR hql[tiab] OR hqol[tiab] OR h qol[tiab] OR hrqol[tiab] OR hr qol[tiab] OR hye[tiab] OR hyes[tiab] OR healthy year equivalent*[tiab] OR healthy years equivalent*[tiab] OR pqol[tiab] OR qls[tiab] OR quality of wellbeing[tiab] OR quality of well being[tiab] OR index of wellbeing[tiab] OR index of well being[tiab] OR qwb[tiab] OR nottingham health profile*[tiab] OR sickness impact profile[tiab] OR health status indicators[mh] OR health utilit*[tiab] OR health status[tiab] OR disutilit*[tiab] OR rosser[tiab] OR willingness to pay[tiab] OR standard gamble*[tiab] OR time trade off[tiab] OR time tradeoff[tiab] OR tto[tiab] OR hui[tiab] OR hui1[tiab] OR hui2[tiab] OR hui3[tiab] OR eq[tiab] OR euroqol[tiab] OR euro qol[tiab] OR eq5d[tiab] OR eq 5d[tiab] OR euroqual[tiab] OR euro qual[tiab] OR duke health profile[tiab] OR functional status questionnaire[tiab] OR dartmouth coop functional health assessment*[tiab] OR (utilit*[tiab] AND (valu*[tiab] OR measur*[tiab] OR health[tiab] OR life[tiab] OR estimat*[tiab] OR elicit*[tiab] OR disease[tiab] OR score*[tiab] OR weight[tiab])) OR (preference*[tiab] AND (valu*[tiab] OR measur*[tiab] OR health[tiab] OR life[tiab] OR estimat*[tiab] OR elicit*[tiab] OR disease[tiab] OR score*[tiab] OR instrument[tiab] OR instruments[tiab]))

 Health Utilities/Quality of Life – OVID Medline

1. "Value of Life"/

2. Quality of Life/

3. quality of life.ti,kf.

4. ((instrument or instruments) adj3 quality of life).ab.

5. Quality-Adjusted Life Years/

6. quality adjusted life.ti,ab,kf.

7. (qaly* or qald* or qale* or qtime* or life year or life years).ti,ab,kf.

8. disability adjusted life.ti,ab,kf.

9. daly*.ti,ab,kf.

10. (sf36 or sf 36 or short form 36 or shortform 36 or short form36 or shortform36 or sf thirtysix or sfthirtysix or sfthirty six or sf thirty six or shortform thirtysix or shortform thirty six or short form thirtysix or short form thirty six).ti,ab,kf.

11. (sf6 or sf 6 or short form 6 or shortform 6 or sf six or sfsix or shortform six or short form six or shortform6 or short form6).ti,ab,kf.

12. (sf8 or sf 8 or sf eight or sfeight or shortform 8 or shortform 8 or shortform8 or short form8 or shortform eight or short form eight).ti,ab,kf.

13. (sf12 or sf 12 or short form 12 or shortform 12 or short form12 or shortform12 or sf twelve or sftwelve or shortform twelve or short form twelve).ti,ab,kf.

14. (sf16 or sf 16 or short form 16 or shortform 16 or short form16 or shortform16 or sf sixteen or sfsixteen or shortform sixteen or short form sixteen).ti,ab,kf.

15. (sf20 or sf 20 or short form 20 or shortform 20 or short form20 or shortform20 or sf twenty or sftwenty or shortform twenty or short form twenty).ti,ab,kf.

16. (hql or hqol or h qol or hrqol or hr qol).ti,ab,kf.

17. (hye or hyes).ti,ab,kf.

18. (health* adj2 year* adj2 equivalent*).ti,ab,kf.

19. (pqol or qls).ti,ab,kf.

20. (quality of wellbeing or quality of well being or index of wellbeing or index of well being or qwb).ti,ab,kf.

21. nottingham health profile*.ti,ab,kf.

22. sickness impact profile.ti,ab,kf.

23. exp health status indicators/

24. (health adj3 (utilit* or status)).ti,ab,kf.

25. (utilit* adj3 (valu* or measur* or health or life or estimat* or elicit* or disease or score* or weight)).ti,ab,kf.

26. (preference* adj3 (valu* or measur* or health or life or estimat* or elicit* or disease or score* or instrument or instruments)).ti,ab,kf.

27. disutilit*.ti,ab,kf.

28. rosser.ti,ab,kf.

29. willingness to pay.ti,ab,kf.

30. standard gamble*.ti,ab,kf.

31. (time trade off or time tradeoff).ti,ab,kf.

32. tto.ti,ab,kf.

33. (hui or hui1 or hui2 or hui3).ti,ab,kf.

34. (eq or euroqol or euro qol or eq5d or eq 5d or euroqual or euro qual).ti,ab,kf.

35. duke health profile.ti,ab,kf.

36. functional status questionnaire.ti,ab,kf.

37. dartmouth coop functional health assessment*.ti,ab,kf.

38. or/1-37

Health Utilities/Quality of Life – OVID Embase

1. socioeconomics/

2. exp Quality of Life/

3. quality of life.ti,kw.

4. ((instrument or instruments) adj3 quality of life).ab.

5. Quality-Adjusted Life Year/

6. quality adjusted life.ti,ab,kw.

7. (qaly* or qald* or qale* or qtime* or life year or life years).ti,ab,kw.

8. disability adjusted life.ti,ab,kw.

9. daly*.ti,ab,kw.

10. (sf36 or sf 36 or short form 36 or shortform 36 or short form36 or shortform36 or sf thirtysix or sfthirtysix or sfthirty six or sf thirty six or shortform thirtysix or shortform thirty six or short form thirtysix or short form thirty six).ti,ab,kw.

11. (sf6 or sf 6 or short form 6 or shortform 6 or sf six or sfsix or shortform six or short form six or shortform6 or short form6).ti,ab,kw.

12. (sf8 or sf 8 or sf eight or sfeight or shortform 8 or shortform 8 or shortform8 or short form8 or shortform eight or short form eight).ti,ab,kw.

13. (sf12 or sf 12 or short form 12 or shortform 12 or short form12 or shortform12 or sf twelve or sftwelve or shortform twelve or short form twelve).ti,ab,kw.

14. (sf16 or sf 16 or short form 16 or shortform 16 or short form16 or shortform16 or sf sixteen or sfsixteen or shortform sixteen or short form sixteen).ti,ab,kw.

15. (sf20 or sf 20 or short form 20 or shortform 20 or short form20 or shortform20 or sf twenty or sftwenty or shortform twenty or short form twenty).ti,ab,kw.

16. (hql or hqol or h qol or hrqol or hr qol).ti,ab,kw.

17. (hye or hyes).ti,ab,kw.

18. (health* adj2 year* adj2 equivalent*).ti,ab,kw.

19. (pqol or qls).ti,ab,kw.

20. (quality of wellbeing or quality of well being or index of wellbeing or index of well being or qwb).ti,ab,kw.

21. nottingham health profile*.ti,ab,kw.

22. nottingham health profile/

23. sickness impact profile.ti,ab,kw.

24. sickness impact profile/

25. health status indicator/

26. (health adj3 (utilit* or status)).ti,ab,kw.

27. (utilit* adj3 (valu* or measur* or health or life or estimat* or elicit* or disease or score* or weight)).ti,ab,kw.

28. (preference* adj3 (valu* or measur* or health or life or estimat* or elicit* or disease or score* or instrument or instruments)).ti,ab,kw.

29. disutilit*.ti,ab,kw.

30. rosser.ti,ab,kw.

31. willingness to pay.ti,ab,kw.

32. standard gamble*.ti,ab,kw.

33. (time trade off or time tradeoff).ti,ab,kw.

34. tto.ti,ab,kw.

35. (hui or hui1 or hui2 or hui3).ti,ab,kw.

36. (eq or euroqol or euro qol or eq5d or eq 5d or euroqual or euro qual).ti,ab,kw.

37. duke health profile.ti,ab,kw.

38. functional status questionnaire.ti,ab,kw.

39. dartmouth coop functional health assessment*.ti,ab,kw.

40. or/1-39

Narrow Economic filter - PubMed

Economics[majr:noexp] OR “costs and cost analysis”[majr] OR (economic[tiab] AND model*[tiab]) OR cost minimi*[tiab] OR cost-utilit*[tiab] OR health utilit*[tiab] OR economic evaluation*[tiab] OR economic review*[tiab] OR cost outcome[tiab] OR cost analys*[tiab] OR economic analys*[tiab] OR (budget*[tiab] AND impact analys*[tiab]) OR cost-effective*[ti] OR pharmacoeconomic*[ti] OR pharmaco-economic*[ti] OR cost-benefit[ti] OR costs[ti] OR cost-effective*[ot] OR pharmacoeconomic*[ot] OR pharmaco-economic*[ot] OR cost-benefit[ot] OR costs[ot] OR life year[tiab] OR life years[tiab] OR qaly*[tiab] OR cost-benefit analys*[tiab] OR cost-effectiveness analys*[tiab] OR ((cost[ti] OR economic*[ti] OR cost[ot] OR economic*[ot]) AND (costs[tiab] OR cost-effectiveness[tiab] OR markov[tiab]))

Narrow Economic filter - OVID Medline, Embase

1. *economics/

2. exp *"costs and cost analysis"/

3. (economic adj2 model*).mp.

4. (cost minimi* or cost-utilit* or health utilit* or economic evaluation* or economic review* or cost outcome or cost analys?s or economic analys?s or budget* impact analys?s).ti,ab,kf,kw.

5. (cost-effective* or pharmacoeconomic* or pharmaco-economic* or cost-benefit or costs).ti,kf,kw.

6. (life year or life years or qaly* or cost-benefit analys?s or cost-effectiveness analys?s).ab,kf,kw.

7. (cost or economic*).ti,kf,kw. and (costs or cost-effectiveness or markov).ab.

8. or/1-7