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Intervention

Professional Intervention: Distribution of educational materials

Definition

Distribution of published or printed recommendations for clinical care, including clinical practice guidelines, audio-visual materials and electronic publications. The materials may have been delivered personally or through mass mailings.

Effectiveness

Thirteen high quality reviews (Archer, Blackwood, Dwamena, Farmer, Faulkner, Forsetlund, Free, French, Gurusamy, Lewin, Moore, O'Brien, Thomas) and three key reviews (Davey, Grimshaw, Shaw) were identified. Results from four high quality reviews (Blackwood, Farmer, French, Gurusamy) indicate that educational materials are generally effective for improving appropriate care outcomes. In one high quality review (Farmer), educational materials were generally effective for improving drug choice. Nine high quality reviews (Archer, Dwamena, Faulkner, Forsetlund, Free, Lewin, Moore, O'Brien, Thomas) and three key reviews (Davey, Grimshaw, Shaw) had an insufficient number of studies to draw any conclusions about the intervention.

Summary of Overall Findings from Reviews

60 reviews that evaluated the effectiveness of distribution of educational materials were identified. Of these, 4/4 high quality/key reviews with a sufficient number of studies to draw conclusions found this intervention to be generally effective.

Summary of Findings Related to Prescribing

1/1 high quality/key reviews with a sufficient number of studies to draw conclusions found this intervention to be generally effective for improving prescribing outcomes.

Reviews listed as "Summary Pending" will be analyzed, summarized and reported at a later date.

The findings will then be incorporated in the overall evidence summaries of the interventions they address.

Reviews Addressing This Intervention Quality Assessment Tool:
AMSTAR Score (of 11 points)
Moore PM, Rivera MS, Grez AM, Lawrie TA. Communication skills training for healthcare professionals working with people who have cancer. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013 3:CD003751. 10 (High)
Archer J, Bower P, Gilbody S, Lovell K, Richards D, Gask L, Dickens C, Coventry P. Collaborative care for depression and anxiety problems. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012 10:CD006525. 9 (High)
Blackwood B, Alderdice F, Burns KE, Cardwell CR, Lavery G, O'Halloran P. Protocolized versus non-protocolized weaning for reducing the duration of mechanical ventilation in critically ill adult patients. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2010 5:CD006904. 9 (High)
French SD, Green S, Buchbinder R, Barnes H. Interventions for improving the appropriate use of imaging in people with musculoskeletal conditions. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2010 1:CD006094. 9 (High)
Gurusamy KS, Aggarwal R, Palanivelu L, Davidson BR. Virtual reality training for surgical trainees in laparoscopic surgery. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2009 1:CD006575. 9 (High)
Dwamena F, Holmes-Rovner M, Gaulden CM, Jorgenson S, Sadigh G, Sikorskii A, Lewin S, Smith RC, Coffey J, Olomu A. Interventions for providers to promote a patient-centred approach in clinical consultations. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012 12:CD003267. 8 (High)
Farmer AP, Légaré F, Turcot L, Grimshaw J, Harvey E, McGowan JL, Wolf F. Printed educational materials: effects on professional practice and health care outcomes. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2008 3:CD004398. 8 (High)
Faulkner A, Mills N, Bainton D, Baxter K, Kinnersley P, Peters TJ, Sharp D. A systematic review of the effect of primary care-based service innovations on quality and patterns of referral to specialist secondary care. The British Journal of General Practice 2003 53 (496):878-84. 8 (High)
Forsetlund L, Bjorndal A, Rashidian A, Jamtvedt G, O'Brien MA, Wolf F, Davis D, Odgaard-Jensen J, Oxman AD. Continuing education meetings and workshops: effects on professional practice and health care outcomes. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2009 2:CD003030. 8 (High)
Free C, Phillips G, Watson L, Galli L, Felix L, Edwards P, Patel V, Haines A. The effectiveness of mobile-health technologies to improve health care service delivery processes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS Medicine 2013 10 (1):e1001363. 8 (High)
Ivers N, Jamtvedt G, Flottorp S, Young JM, Odgaard-Jensen J, French SD, O'Brien MA, Johansen M, Grimshaw J, Oxman AD. Audit and feedback: effects on professional practice and healthcare outcomes. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012 6:CD000259. 8
Summary Pending
Lewin SA, Skea ZC, Entwistle V, Zwarenstein M, Dick J. Interventions for providers to promote a patient-centred approach in clinical consultations. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2001 4:CD003267. 8 (High)
O'Brien MA, Rogers S, Jamtvedt G, Oxman AD, Odgaard-Jensen J, Kristoffersen DT, Forsetlund L, Bainbridge D, Freemantle N, Davis DA, Haynes RB, Harvey EL. Educational outreach visits: effects on professional practice and health care outcomes. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2007 4:CD000409. 8 (High)
Thomas L, Cullum N, McColl E, Rousseau N, Soutter J, Steen N. Guidelines in professions allied to medicine. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2000 2:CD000349. 8 (High)
Akbari A, Mayhew A, Al-Alawi MA, Grimshaw J, Winkens R, Glidewell E, Pritchard C, Thomas R, Fraser C. Interventions to improve outpatient referrals from primary care to secondary care. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2008 4:CD005471. 7 (Medium)
Coon JT, Martin A, Abdul-Rahman AK, Boddy K, Whear R, Collinson A, Stein K, Logan S. Interventions to reduce acute paediatric hospital admissions: a systematic review. Archives of Disease in Childhood 2012 97 (4):304-11. 7 (Medium)
Davey P, Brown E, Fenelon L, Finch R, Gould I, Hartman G, Holmes A, Ramsay C, Taylor E, Wilcox M, Wiffen P. Interventions to improve antibiotic prescribing practices for hospital inpatients. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2005 4:CD003543. 7 (Medium)
Forsetlund L, Eike MC, Gjerberg E, Vist GE. Effect of interventions to reduce potentially inappropriate use of drugs in nursing homes: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials. BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:16. 7
Summary Pending
Giguere A, Legare F, Grimshaw J, Turcotte S, Fiander M, Grudniewicz A, Makosso-Kallyth S, Wolf FM, Farmer AP, Gagnon MP. Printed educational materials: effects on professional practice and healthcare outcomes. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012 10:CD004398. 7
Summary Pending
Glynn LG, Murphy AW, Smith SM, Schroeder K, Fahey T. Interventions used to improve control of blood pressure in patients with hypertension. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2010 3:CD005182. 7 (Medium)
Grimshaw JM, Thomas RE, MacLennan G, Fraser C, Ramsay CR, Vale L, Whitty P, Eccles MP, Matowe L, Shirran L, Wensing M, Dijkstra R, Donaldson C. Effectiveness and efficiency of guideline dissemination and implementation strategies. Health Technology Assessment 2004 8 (6):iii-iiv. 7 (Medium)
Marinopoulos SS, Dorman T, Ratanawongsa N, Wilson LM, Ashar BH, Magaziner JL, Miller RG, Thomas PA, Prokopowicz GP, Qayyum R, Bass EB. Effectiveness of continuing medical education. Evidence Report/Technology Assessment 2007 (149):1-69. 7 (Medium)
McGowan JL, Grad R, Pluye P, Hannes K, Deane K, Labrecque M, Welch V, Tugwell P. Electronic retrieval of health information by healthcare providers to improve practice and patient care. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2009 3:CD004749. 7 (Medium)
McKibbon KA, Lokker C, Handler SM, Dolovich LR, Holbrook AM, O'Reilly D, Tamblyn R, Hemens BJ. Basu R. Troyan S. Roshanov PS. Archer NP. Raina P. Enabling medication management through health information technology. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Technical Reviews 2011 Evidence R (11-E008-EF). 7 (Medium)
Renders CM, Valk GD, Griffin S, Wagner EH, Eijk JT, Assendelft WJ. Interventions to improve the management of diabetes mellitus in primary care, outpatient and community settings. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2001 1:CD001481. 7 (Medium)
Sturm LP, Windsor JA, Cosman PH, Cregan P, Hewett PJ, Maddern GJ. A systematic review of skills transfer after surgical simulation training. Annals of Surgery 2008 248 (2):166-79. 7 (Medium)
Thompson C, Stapley S. Do educational interventions improve nurses' clinical decision making and judgement? A systematic review. International Journal of Nursing Studies 2011 48 (7):881-93. 7 (Medium)
Brusamento S, Legido-Quigley H, Panteli D, Turk E, Knai C, Saliba V, Car J, McKee M, Busse R. Assessing the effectiveness of strategies to implement clinical guidelines for the management of chronic diseases at primary care level in EU Member States: a systematic review. Health Policy 2012 107 (41700):169-183. 6
Summary Pending
Clark CE, Smith LF, Taylor RS, Campbell JL. Nurse-led interventions used to improve control of high blood pressure in people with diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Diabetic Medicine 2011 28 (3):250-261. 6 (Medium)
Cook DA, Levinson AJ, Garside S, Dupras DM, Erwin PJ, Montori VM. Internet-based learning in the health professions: A meta-analysis. JAMA 2008 300 (10):1181-96. 6 (Medium)
Duckers M, Faber M, Cruijsberg J, Grol R, Schoonhoven L, Wensing M. Safety and risk management interventions in hospitals: a systematic review of the literature. Medical Care Research and Review 2009 66 (Suppl 6):90S-119S. 6 (Medium)
Fawole OA, Dy SM, Wilson RF, Lau BD, Martinez KA, Apostol CC, Vollenweider D, Bass EB, Aslakson RA. A systematic review of communication quality improvement interventions for patients with advanced and serious illness. Journal of General Internal Medicine 2013 28 (4):570-577. 6
Summary Pending
Firmstone VR, Elley KM, Skrybant MT, Fry-Smith A, Bayliss S, Torgerson CJ. Systematic review of the effectiveness of continuing dental professional development on learning, behavior, or patient outcomes. Journal of Dental Education 2013 77 (3):300-315. 6
Summary Pending
Gilbody S, Whitty P, Grimshaw J, Thomas R. Educational and organizational interventions to improve the management of depression in primary care: a systematic review. JAMA 2003 289 (23):3145-51. 6 (Medium)
Hagiwara M, Henricson M, Jonsson A, Suserud BO. Decision-support tool in prehospital care: a systematic review of randomized trials. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine 2011 26 (5):319-329. 6
Summary Pending
Randell R, Mitchell N, Dowding D, Cullum N, Thompson C. Effects of computerized decision support systems on nursing performance and patient outcomes: a systematic review. Journal of Health Services Research & Policy 2007 12 (4):242-9. 6 (Medium)
Ranji SR, Steinman MA, Shojania KG, Gonzales R. Interventions to reduce unnecessary antibiotic prescribing: a systematic review and quantitative analysis. Medical Care 2008 46 (8):847-62. 6 (Medium)
Ricci-Cabello I, Ruiz-Perez I, Nevot-Cordero A, Rodriguez-Barranco M, Sordo L, Goncalves DC. Health care interventions to improve the quality of diabetes care in African Americans: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Diabetes Care 2013 36 (3):760-768. 6
Summary Pending
Brink-Huis A, van AT, Schoonhoven L. Pain management: a review of organisation models with integrated processes for the management of pain in adult cancer patients. Journal of Clinical Nursing 2009 17 (15):1986-2000. 5 (Medium)
Chien AT, Walters AE, Chin MH. Community health center quality improvement: a systematic review and future directions for research. Progress in Community Health Partnerships 2007 1 (1):105-16. 5 (Medium)
Coory M, White VM, Johnson KS, Hill DJ, Jefford M, Harrison S, Winship I, Millar J, Giles GG. Systematic review of quality improvement interventions directed at cancer specialists. Journal of Clinical Oncology 2013 31 (12):1583-1591. 5
Summary Pending
Dijkstra R, Wensing M, Thomas R, Akkermans R, Braspenning J, Grimshaw J, Grol R. The relationship between organisational characteristics and the effects of clinical guidelines on medical performance in hospitals, a meta-analysis. BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:53. 5 (Medium)
Goulart JM, Quigley EA, Dusza S, Jewell ST, Alexander G, Asgari MM, Eide MJ, Fletcher SW, Geller AC, Marghoob AA, Weinstock MA, Halpern AC; INFORMED (INternet curriculum FOR Melanoma Early Detection) Group. Skin cancer education for primary care physicians: A systematic review of published evaluated interventions. Journal of General Internal Medicine 2011 26 (9):1027-1035. 5 (Medium)
Hakkennes S, Dodd K. Guideline implementation in allied health professions: a systematic review of the literature. Quality and Safety in Health Care 2008 17 (4):296-300. 5 (Medium)
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Ista E, van DM, van AT. Do implementation strategies increase adherence to pain assessment in hospitals? A systematic review. International Journal of Nursing Studies 2013 50 (4):552-568. 5
Summary Pending
Lugtenberg M, Burgers J, Westert G. Effects of evidence-based clinical practice guidelines on quality of care: a systematic review. Quality and Safety in Health Care 2009 18 (5):385-92. 5 (Medium)
Perry M, Draaskovic I, Lucassen P, Vernooij-Dassen M, van AT, Rikkert M. Effects of educational interventions on primary dementia care: A systematic review. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 2011 26 (1):1-11. 5 (Medium)
Prgomet M, Georgiou A, Westbrook JI. The impact of mobile handheld technology on hospital physicians' work practices and patient care: a systematic review. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association 2009 16 (6):792-801. 5 (Medium)
Redfern J, McKevitt C, Wolfe CD. Development of complex interventions in stroke care: a systematic review. Stroke 2006 37 (9):2410-9. 5 (Medium)
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Steinman MA, Ranji SR, Shojania KG, Gonzales R. Improving antibiotic selection: a systematic review and quantitative analysis of quality improvement strategies. Medical Care 2006 44 (7):617-28. 5 (Medium)
Weinmann S, Koesters M, Becker T. Effects of implementation of psychiatric guidelines on provider performance and patient outcome: systematic review. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 2007 115 (6):420-33. 5 (Medium)
Wilson K, MacDougall L, Fergusson D, Graham I, Tinmouth A, Hebert PC. The effectiveness of interventions to reduce physician's levels of inappropriate transfusion: what can be learned from a systematic review of the literature. Transfusion 2002 42 (9):1224-9. 5 (Medium)
Bloomfield JG, While AE, Roberts JD. Using computer assisted learning for clinical skills education in nursing: integrative review. Journal of Advanced Nursing 2008 63 (3):222-35. 4 (Medium)
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Borchard A, Schwappach DL, Barbir A, Bezzola P. A systematic review of the effectiveness, compliance, and critical factors for implementation of safety checklists in surgery. Annals of Surgery 2012 256 (6):925-933. 4
Summary Pending
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Figueiras A, Sastre I, Gestal-Otero JJ. Effectiveness of educational interventions on the improvement of drug prescription in primary care: a critical literature review. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 2001 7 (2):223-41. 4 (Medium)
Fish A, Watson MC, Bond CM. Practice-based pharmaceutical services: a systematic review. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice 2002 10 (4):225-33. 4 (Medium)
Guldberg TL, Lauritzen T, Kristensen JK, Vedsted P. The effect of feedback to general practitioners on quality of care for people with type 2 diabetes. A systematic review of the literature. BMC Family Practice 2009 10:30. 4 (Medium)
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Summary Pending
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