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Intervention

Professional Intervention: Educational meetings

Definition

Healthcare providers who have participated in conferences, lectures, workshops or traineeships.

Effectiveness

Eighteen high quality reviews (Archer, Baskerville, Buckley, Dwamena, Gould, Farmer, Faulkner, Forsetlund, Jamtvedt, Lewin, Ma, McKinstry, Moore, O'Brien, Reeves, Smith, Thomas, Walsh) and one key review (Arnold) were identified. The results from four high quality reviews (Gould, Lewin, Thomas, Walsh) demonstrate that educational meetings had mixed effects for improving appropriate care outcomes, while another high quality review (Forsetlund) found them to be generally effective for improving appropriate care and prescribing behaviours. In one key review (Arnold), this intervention was ineffective for improving prescribing outcomes. One high quality review (Jamtvedt) evaluated the effectiveness of educational meetings combined with audit and feedback and it was generally effective for improving appropriate care and prescribing behaviours - yet the Dwamena review found that educational meetings (training) with feedback had no effect on appropriate care behaviour. Ten high quality reviews (Archer, Baskerville, Buckley, Farmer, Faulkner, Ma, McKinstry, O'Brien, Reeves, Smith) had insufficient evidence to determine the effectiveness of this intervention on appropriate care or use outcomes.

Summary of Overall Findings from Reviews

82 reviews that evaluated the effectiveness of educational meetings were identified. Of these, 2/9 high quality/key reviews with a sufficient number of studies to draw conclusions found this intervention to generally effective whereas 4/9 reviews had mixed results and one review (Moore) had unclear results.

Summary of Findings Related to Prescribing

2/3 high quality/key reviews with a sufficient number of studies to draw conclusions found this intervention to be generally effective for improving prescribing outcomes.

Reviews listed as "Summary Pending" will be analyzed, summarized and reported at a later date.

The findings will then be incorporated in the overall evidence summaries of the interventions they address.

Reviews Addressing This Intervention Quality Assessment Tool:
AMSTAR Score (of 11 points)
Moore PM, Rivera MS, Grez AM, Lawrie TA. Communication skills training for healthcare professionals working with people who have cancer. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013 3:CD003751. 10 (High)
Walsh CM, Sherlock ME, Ling SC, Carnahan H. Virtual reality simulation training for health professions trainees in gastrointestinal endoscopy. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012 6:CD008237. 10 (High)
Archer J, Bower P, Gilbody S, Lovell K, Richards D, Gask L, Dickens C, Coventry P. Collaborative care for depression and anxiety problems. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012 10:CD006525. 9 (High)
Ma IW, Brindle ME, Ronksley PE, Lorenzetti DL, Sauve RS, Ghali WA. Use of simulation-based education to improve outcomes of central venous catheterization: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Academic Medicine 2011 86 (9):1137-47. 9 (High)
Richter T, Meyer G, Mohler R, Kopke S. Psychosocial interventions for reducing antipsychotic medication in care home residents. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012 12:CD008634. 9
Summary Pending
Baskerville NB, Liddy C, Hogg W. Systematic review and meta-analysis of practice facilitation within primary care settings. Annals of Family Medicine 2012 10 (1):63-74. 8 (High)
Buckley BS, Byrne MC, Smith SM. Service organisation for the secondary prevention of ischaemic heart disease in primary care. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2010 3:CD006772. 8 (High)
Dwamena F, Holmes-Rovner M, Gaulden CM, Jorgenson S, Sadigh G, Sikorskii A, Lewin S, Smith RC, Coffey J, Olomu A. Interventions for providers to promote a patient-centred approach in clinical consultations. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012 12:CD003267. 8 (High)
Farmer AP, Légaré F, Turcot L, Grimshaw J, Harvey E, McGowan JL, Wolf F. Printed educational materials: effects on professional practice and health care outcomes. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2008 3:CD004398. 8 (High)
Faulkner A, Mills N, Bainton D, Baxter K, Kinnersley P, Peters TJ, Sharp D. A systematic review of the effect of primary care-based service innovations on quality and patterns of referral to specialist secondary care. The British Journal of General Practice 2003 53 (496):878-84. 8 (High)
Forsetlund L, Bjorndal A, Rashidian A, Jamtvedt G, O'Brien MA, Wolf F, Davis D, Odgaard-Jensen J, Oxman AD. Continuing education meetings and workshops: effects on professional practice and health care outcomes. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2009 2:CD003030. 8 (High)
Gould D, Moralejo D, Drey N, Chudleigh J. Interventions to improve hand hygiene compliance in patient care. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2010 9:CD005186. 8 (High)
Ivers N, Jamtvedt G, Flottorp S, Young JM, Odgaard-Jensen J, French SD, O'Brien MA, Johansen M, Grimshaw J, Oxman AD. Audit and feedback: effects on professional practice and healthcare outcomes. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012 6:CD000259. 8
Summary Pending
Jamtvedt G, Young JM, Kristoffersen DT, O'Brien MA, Oxman AD. Audit and feedback: effects on professional practice and health care outcomes. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2006 2:CD000259. 8 (High)
Lewin SA, Skea ZC, Entwistle V, Zwarenstein M, Dick J. Interventions for providers to promote a patient-centred approach in clinical consultations. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2001 4:CD003267. 8 (High)
Lobach D, Sanders GD, Bright TJ, Wong A, Dhurjati R, Bristow E, Bastian L, Coeytaux R, Samsa G, Hasselblad V, Williams JW, Wing L, Musty M, Kendrick AS. Enabling health care decisionmaking through clinical decision support and knowledge management. Evidence Report/Technology Assessment 2012 (203):1-784. 8
Summary Pending
McKinstry B, Ashcroft RE, Car J, Freeman GK, Sheikh A. Interventions for improving patients' trust in doctors and groups of doctors. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2006 3:CD004134. 8 (High)
O'Brien MA, Rogers S, Jamtvedt G, Oxman AD, Odgaard-Jensen J, Kristoffersen DT, Forsetlund L, Bainbridge D, Freemantle N, Davis DA, Haynes RB, Harvey EL. Educational outreach visits: effects on professional practice and health care outcomes. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2007 4:CD000409. 8 (High)
Reeves S, Perrier L, Goldman J, Freeth D, Zwarenstein M. Interprofessional education: effects on professional practice and healthcare outcomes (update). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013 3:CD002213. 8
Summary Pending
Reeves S, Zwarenstein M, Goldman J, Barr H, Freeth D, Hammick M, Koppel I. Interprofessional education: effects on professional practice and health care outcomes. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2008 1:CD002213. 8 (High)
Smith SM, Allwright S, O'Dowd T. Effectiveness of shared care across the interface between primary and specialty care in chronic disease management. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2007 3:CD004910. 8 (High)
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Arnold SR, Straus SE. Interventions to improve antibiotic prescribing practices in ambulatory care. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2005 4:CD003539. 7 (Medium)
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Forsetlund L, Eike MC, Gjerberg E, Vist GE. Effect of interventions to reduce potentially inappropriate use of drugs in nursing homes: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials. BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:16. 7
Summary Pending
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Summary Pending
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Summary Pending
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Summary Pending
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Summary Pending
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Summary Pending
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Summary Pending
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