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Screening Tools for Chronic Postsurgical Pain: A Review of Clinical Utility

Last updated: January 15, 2021
Project Number: RC1329-000
Product Line: Rapid Response
Research Type: Non - Surgical Procedure
Report Type: Summary with Critical Appraisal
Result type: Report

Question

  1. What is the clinical utility of screening or prediction tools for the prevention of the progression of acute post-surgical pain to chronic postsurgical pain?

Key Message

Potentially relevant risk factors for the development of chronic post-surgical pain include genetics, pre-surgical pain (presence and severity), mental health, surgical techniques, type of surgery, and sex. Tools to assess these factors may be useful for identifying patients at a higher risk of developing chronic pain post-surgery. No relevant publications were identified demonstrating a benefit of using tools to assess the risk of chronic post-surgical pain development and improving patient outcomes. Therefore, no conclusions regarding clinical utility can be provided.