Clinical Effectiveness of Second Generation Injectable Antipsychotics


( Last Updated : May 12, 2022)
Project Line:
Health Technology Review
Project Sub Line:
Rapid Review
Project Number:
RC1418-000

Details


Question

  1. What is the clinical effectiveness of second-generation injectable antipsychotic medications versus first-generation injectable antipsychotics?
  2. What is the clinical effectiveness of second-generation injectable antipsychotic medications versus second-generation oral antipsychotics?

Key Message

The evidence in this report is limited because statistical information was not adequately reported in included studies.

When comparing second-generation paliperidone palmitate injections and first-generation haloperidol decanoate injections, there is little-to-no difference in treatment success or adverse events.

When comparing second-generation risperidone injections and first-generation haloperidol decanoate and fluphenazine decanoate injections given together, there is little-to-no difference in whether patients discontinue treatment.

Hospitalization appears higher for patients who receive haloperidol decanoate injections compared to those who receive second-generation risperidone or aripiprazole injections, but there is little-to-no difference when comparing injections of risperidone to those of haloperidol decanoate and fluphenazine decanoate given together.

There is little-to-no difference between patients who stop treatment when comparing risperidone injections to any oral second-generation antipsychotics, second-generation olanzapine injections compared to oral olanzapine, or aripiprazole injections compared to oral aripiprazole. There is little-to-no difference in adverse events between patients given aripiprazole injections compared to those given oral aripiprazole.

Some studies showed a difference in relapse between second-generation injections compared to oral second-generation medication, while other studies showed little-to-no differences.

Patients may experience fewer hospital days when given olanzapine injections compared to those receiving oral olanzapine.