Lenses and Spectacles to Prevent Myopia Worsening in Children


( Last Updated : April 9, 2021)
Project Line:
Health Technology Review
Project Sub Line:
Summary with Critical Appraisal
Project Number:
RC1349-000

Details


Question


  1. What is the clinical effectiveness of soft contact lenses (MiSight lenses) for the prevention of myopia worsening in children?

  2. What is the clinical effectiveness of DIMS spectacle lenses for the prevention of myopia worsening in children?

  3. What is the clinical effectiveness of OK for the prevention of myopia worsening in children?

  4. What is the clinical effectiveness of multifocal contact lenses for the prevention of myopia worsening in children?

  5. What is the cost-effectiveness of soft contact lenses (MiSight lenses) for the prevention of myopia worsening in children?

  6. What is the cost-effectiveness of DIMS spectacle lenses for the prevention of myopia worsening in children?

  7. What is the cost-effectiveness of OK for the prevention of myopia worsening in children?

  8. What is the cost-effectiveness of multifocal contact lenses for the prevention of myopia worsening in children?


Key Message

A total of 5 relevant systematic reviews and 7 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were identified. Myopia progression and axial length elongation was less with omafilcon A (MiSight) contact lenses compared to single-vision lenses (1 RCT; statistical significance of difference was not reported). Myopia progression and axial length elongation was less with defocus incorporated multiple segments spectacle lenses compared to single-vision spectacle lenses (1 RCT; the between-group difference was statistically significant). Myopia progression was less with orthokeratology contact lenses compared to single-vision contact lenses or single-vision lenses (2 systematic reviews and 2 RCTs; between-group difference was statistically significant or statistical significance was not reported) and axial length elongation was less (5 systematic reviews and 2 RCTs; between-group difference was statistically significant or statistical significance was not reported). Myopia progression and axial length elongation was less with multifocal lenses compared with single-vision contact lenses (1 systematic review and 2 RCTs; between-group difference was statistically significant). Findings need to be interpreted in the light of limitations, such as limited quantity and quality of the included primary studies, limited information regarding adverse events, and lack of long-term data. No economic evaluations reporting on the cost-effectiveness of these interventions were identified.